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E407 - Carrageenan

Additives: E407 - Carrageenan

Functions: Carrier, Emulsifier, Humectant, Stabilizer, Thickener

Carrageenans or carrageenins - karr-ə-gee-nənz, from Irish carraigín, "little rock"- are a family of linear sulfated polysaccharides that are extracted from red edible seaweeds. They are widely used in the food industry, for their gelling, thickening, and stabilizing properties. Their main application is in dairy and meat products, due to their strong binding to food proteins. There are three main varieties of carrageenan, which differ in their degree of sulfation. Kappa-carrageenan has one sulfate group per disaccharide, iota-carrageenan has two, and lambda-carrageenan has three. Gelatinous extracts of the Chondrus crispus -Irish moss- seaweed have been used as food additives since approximately the fifteenth century. Carrageenan is a vegetarian and vegan alternative to gelatin in some applications or may be used to replace gelatin in confectionery. - Wikipedia

Risk of overexposure

EFSA evaluation: Re‐evaluation of carrageenan -E 407- and processed Eucheuma seaweed -E 407a- as food additives (2018/04/26)

High risk of over exposure
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has determined that some population groups have a high risk of consuming too much E407 - Carrageenan.

To evaluate your exposure to the E407 - Carrageenan food additive, you can browse our list of products that contain it. See the list of products with E407 - Carrageenan below.

  InfantsToddlersChildrenAdolescentsAdultsElderly
  < 11 to 23 to 910 to 1718 to 6465+
Most people
(over 50%)
Groups with more than 50% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)Groups with more than 50% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)Groups with more than 50% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)Groups with more than 50% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)Groups with more than 50% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)Groups with more than 50% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)
Some people
(over 5%)
Groups with more than 5% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)Groups with more than 5% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)Groups with more than 5% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)Groups with more than 5% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)Groups with more than 5% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)Groups with more than 5% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)

Risk of exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI) : Risk of exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)

Names: Carraghénanes, Carraghénane, Mousse d'Irlande, Eucheuman (d'Eucheuma spp.), Iridophycan (d'Iridaea spp.) Hypnean (d'Hypnea spp.), Furcellaran, mousse du Danemark (de Furcellaria fastigiata), Carraghénane (de Chondrus et Gigartina spp.)

- Germany

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